学乐器能提升孩子的语言能力
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2018-07-03 07:11 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
Giving children music lessons won't just introduce them to a world of rhythm and melody - it could also significantly improve their language skills.
 
让孩子上音乐课不仅会将他们引入旋律的世界,而且还会显著提升他们的语言技能。
 
While numerous studies have shown that learning an instrument can impact things like language ability, it wasn't understood if this was a side effect of a general boost to cognitive1 skills, or something that directly affected2 language processing.
 
Now, we are getting closer to an answer, thanks to a study of 74 Chinese kindergarten children, led by neuroscientist Robert Desimone from MIT.
 
"The children didn't differ in the more broad cognitive measures, but they did show some improvements in word discrimination, particularly for consonants4," explains Desimone.
 
"The piano group showed the best improvement there."

For the study, Desimone's team - including MIT scientists and researchers from Beijing Normal University - recruited children from the Chinese education system, with the support of education officials who wanted to see how music learning might boost their academic results.
 
The 4- to 5-year-old Mandarin-speaking children in the study were randomly5 divided into three groups. One group received a 45-minute piano lesson three times a week, while another received extra reading instruction classes. The third group acted as controls, taking no extra lessons beyond their usual routine.
 
The classes lasted for six months, after which the children were tested on their ability to discriminate6 words based on differences in tone, consonants, or vowels7.
 
The test results showed that the children who had taken piano lessons performed significantly better at discriminating9 between words that differ by a single consonant3, when compared against the children who took extra reading lessons.
 
Compared to the control group, both the music learners and the extra reading group did better in terms of discriminating words based on vowel8 differences.



点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 cognitive Uqwz0     
adj.认知的,认识的,有感知的
参考例句:
  1. As children grow older,their cognitive processes become sharper.孩子们越长越大,他们的认知过程变得更为敏锐。
  2. The cognitive psychologist is like the tinker who wants to know how a clock works.认知心理学者倒很像一个需要通晓钟表如何运转的钟表修理匠。
2 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  1. She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  2. His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
3 consonant mYEyY     
n.辅音;adj.[音]符合的
参考例句:
  1. The quality of this suit isn't quite consonant with its price.这套衣服的质量和价钱不相称。
  2. These are common consonant clusters at the beginning of words.这些单词的开头有相同辅音组合。
4 consonants 6d7406e22bce454935f32e3837012573     
n.辅音,子音( consonant的名词复数 );辅音字母
参考例句:
  1. Consonants are frequently assimilated to neighboring consonants. 辅音往往被其邻近的辅音同化。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. Vowels possess greater sonority than consonants. 元音比辅音响亮。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
5 randomly cktzBM     
adv.随便地,未加计划地
参考例句:
  1. Within the hot gas chamber, molecules are moving randomly in all directions. 在灼热的气体燃烧室内,分子在各个方向上作无规运动。 来自辞典例句
  2. Transformed cells are loosely attached, rounded and randomly oriented. 转化细胞则不大贴壁、圆缩并呈杂乱分布。 来自辞典例句
6 discriminate NuhxX     
v.区别,辨别,区分;有区别地对待
参考例句:
  1. You must learn to discriminate between facts and opinions.你必须学会把事实和看法区分出来。
  2. They can discriminate hundreds of colours.他们能分辨上百种颜色。
7 vowels 6c36433ab3f13c49838853205179fe8b     
n.元音,元音字母( vowel的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  1. Vowels possess greater sonority than consonants. 元音比辅音响亮。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  2. Note the various sounds of vowels followed by r. 注意r跟随的各种元音的发音。 来自超越目标英语 第3册
8 vowel eHTyS     
n.元音;元音字母
参考例句:
  1. A long vowel is a long sound as in the word"shoe ".长元音即如“shoe” 一词中的长音。
  2. The vowel in words like 'my' and 'thigh' is not very difficult.单词my和thigh中的元音并不难发。
9 discriminating 4umz8W     
a.有辨别能力的
参考例句:
  1. Due caution should be exercised in discriminating between the two. 在区别这两者时应该相当谨慎。
  2. Many businesses are accused of discriminating against women. 许多企业被控有歧视妇女的做法。
TAG标签: children language skills
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