研究表明:男性比女性聪明
文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2006-10-09 06:16 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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It is research that is guaranteed to delight men - and infuriate the women in their lives. A controversial new study has claimed that men really are more intelligent than women.
The study concluded that men's IQs are almost four points higher than women's. British-born researcher John Philippe Rushton, who previously1 created a furore by suggesting intelligence is influenced by race, says the finding could explain why so few women make it to the top in the workplace. He claims the 'glass ceiling' phenomenon is probably due to inferior intelligence, rather than discrimination or lack of opportunity. The University of Western Ontario psychologist reached his conclusion after scrutinizing2 the results of university aptitude3 tests taken by 100,000 students aged4 17 and 18 of both sexes. A focus on a factors such as the ability to quickly grasp a complex concept, verbal reasoning skills and creativity - some of the key ingredients of intelligence - revealed the male teenagers had IQs that were an average of 3.63 points higher. The average person has an IQ of around 100. The findings, which held true for all classes and levels of parental5 education, overturn a 100 year consensus6 that men and women average the same in general mental ability. They also conflict with evidence that girls do better in school exams than boys. But Prof Rushton, who was born in Bournemouth and obtained his doctorate7 in social psychology8 from the London School of Economics, argues that the faster maturing of girls leads to them outshining boys in the classroom.
这项研究结果一定会让男人高兴,惹女人生气。一项具有争议的最新研究表明,男人确实比女人聪明。 研究发现,男人的智商比女人高四分。 英国籍研究员约翰·菲利普·鲁什顿此前提出的"智商受到种族影响"的观点一时引发众怒,他说,这项最新研究结果可以解释为什么很少有女性能成为职场精英。 他说,造成这种"玻璃天花板"现象的原因可能是由于女性的智商不及男性,并不是性别歧视或缺少机会。 这位西安大略大学的心理学家对10万名17至18岁的男女学生进行了大学智力测试,他在分析测试结果后得出了这个结论。 此项测试着重对学生快速理解复杂概念、语言推理能力和创造力等几项智力指标进行了考察。结果发现,男学生的智商平均高出3.63分。普通人的智商水平在100分左右。 这项研究结果适用于各类人群和各个年龄阶段,同时推翻了长期以来认为"男女智力相当"的普遍观点。此外,这项研究结果和女孩的考试成绩总比男孩好的事实相矛盾。 鲁什顿教授他说,女孩比男孩学习好是因为女孩比男孩成熟得早。鲁什顿教授出生在伯恩茅斯镇,在伦敦经济学院获得了社会心理学博士学位。
   
 
 
 
 
Vocabulary:


glass ceiling :玻璃天花板;是指在公司企业和机关团体中,限制某些人口群体(女性、少数民族)晋升到高级职位的障碍。正如玻璃一样,这个障碍虽然不是明文规定的,但却是实实在在存在着的


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1 previously bkzzzC     
adv.以前,先前(地)
参考例句:
  1. The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行车胎在以前损坏过的地方又爆开了。
  2. Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.让我岔开一会儿,解释原先发生了什么。
2 scrutinizing fa5efd6c6f21a204fe4a260c9977c6ad     
v.仔细检查,详审( scrutinize的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  1. His grandfather's stern eyes were scrutinizing him, and Chueh-hui felt his face reddening. 祖父的严厉的眼光射在他的脸上。 来自汉英文学 - 家(1-26) - 家(1-26)
  2. The machine hushed, extraction and injection nozzles poised, scrutinizing its targets. 机器“嘘”地一声静了下来,输入输出管道各就各位,检查着它的目标。 来自互联网
3 aptitude 0vPzn     
n.(学习方面的)才能,资质,天资
参考例句:
  1. That student has an aptitude for mathematics.那个学生有数学方面的天赋。
  2. As a child,he showed an aptitude for the piano.在孩提时代,他显露出对于钢琴的天赋。
4 aged 6zWzdI     
adj.年老的,陈年的
参考例句:
  1. He had put on weight and aged a little.他胖了,也老点了。
  2. He is aged,but his memory is still good.他已年老,然而记忆力还好。
5 parental FL2xv     
adj.父母的;父的;母的
参考例句:
  1. He encourages parental involvement in the running of school.他鼓励学生家长参与学校的管理。
  2. Children always revolt against parental disciplines.孩子们总是反抗父母的管束。
6 consensus epMzA     
n.(意见等的)一致,一致同意,共识
参考例句:
  1. Can we reach a consensus on this issue?我们能在这个问题上取得一致意见吗?
  2. What is the consensus of opinion at the afternoon meeting?下午会议上一致的意见是什么?
7 doctorate fkEzt     
n.(大学授予的)博士学位
参考例句:
  1. He hasn't enough credits to get his doctorate.他的学分不够取得博士学位。
  2. Where did she do her doctorate?她在哪里攻读博士?
8 psychology U0Wze     
n.心理,心理学,心理状态
参考例句:
  1. She has a background in child psychology.她受过儿童心理学的教育。
  2. He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在剑桥大学学习哲学和心理学。
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