美公布十大满意度最高的职业
文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2007-04-21 06:17 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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Are you satisfied with the current job?
Firefighters, the clergy1 and others with professional jobs that involve helping2 or serving people are more satisfied with their work and overall are happier than those in other professions, according to results from a national survey. "The most satisfying jobs are mostly professions, especially those involving caring for, teaching and protecting others and creative pursuits," said Tom Smith, director of the General Social Survey (GSS) at the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago. In the current study, interviewers asked more than 27,000 people questions about job satisfaction and general happiness. Individuals' level of contentment affects their overall sense of happiness, Smith said. "Work occupies a large part of each worker's day; is one's main source of social standing3 and helps to define who a person is and affects one's health both physically4 and mentally," Smith states in a published report on the study. "Because of work's central role in many people's lives, satisfaction with one's job is an important component5 in overall well-being6." Across all occupations, on average 47 percent of those surveyed said they were satisfied with their jobs and 33 percent reported being very happy. Here are the Top 10 most gratifying jobs and the percentage of subjects who said they were very satisfied with the job: Clergy-87 percent
Firefighters-80 percent
Physical therapists-78 percent
Authors-74 percent
Special education teachers-70 percent
Teachers-69 percent
Education administrators-68 percent
Painters and sculptors-67 percent
Psychologists-67 percent
Security and financial services salespersons-65 percent
Operating engineers-64 percent
Office supervisors-61 percent
A few common jobs in which about 50 percent of participants reported high satisfaction included: police and detectives, registered nurses, accountants, and editors and reporters. "The least satisfying dozen jobs are mostly low-skill, manual and service occupations, especially involving customer service and food/beverage preparation and serving," Smith said.
据美国一项全国性调查的结果显示,消防员、牧师等从事帮助或服务于他人的行业的人员工作满意度较高,而且总体上他们比其它行业的人更加快乐。 芝加哥大学全国民意调查中心普通社会调查的负责人汤姆·史密斯说:“满意度最高的工作大多是一些需要特殊技能的职业,尤其是护理类、教育类、为他人提供保护以及一些创造性的职业。” 在目前的这项调查中,调查人员对2万7千人就工作满意度和总体快乐感进行了访问。据史密斯介绍,受访者的工作满意度对他们的总体快乐感有影响。 史密斯在发表的研究报告中说:“工作占据了一个人一天中的大部分,它是一个人社会地位的主要决定因素,而且能‘定义’一个人,在生理和心理上都会对人造成影响。由于工作在很多人的生活中处于核心地位,因此对于工作的满意是生活幸福的一个重要因素。” 在所有职业中,平均47%的受访者表示对自己的工作满意,33%的人称他们非常快乐。 以下是十大最令人满意的工作及对此工作感到满意的人数百分比: 神职人员--87%
消防员--80%
身体治疗师--78%
作家--74%
特殊教育类的教师--70%
教师--69%
教育行政人员--68%
画家和雕塑家--67%
心理学家--67%
安全人员及金融服务销售人员--65%
操作工程师--64%
办公室管理人员--61%
在普通职业中,有50%的受访者对警察和侦探、注册护士、会计、编辑和记者等职业的满意度很高。 史密斯说:“满意度最低的工作大多是一些技能要求低、手工和服务类的职业,尤其是顾客服务和餐饮准备及服务的职业。”
 
 
 
Vocabulary:  

clergy : 神职人员


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 clergy SnZy2     
n.[总称]牧师,神职人员
参考例句:
  1. I could heartily wish that more of our country clergy would follow this example.我衷心希望,我国有更多的牧师效法这个榜样。
  2. All the local clergy attended the ceremony.当地所有的牧师出席了仪式。
2 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  1. The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  2. By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
3 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  1. After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  2. They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
4 physically iNix5     
adj.物质上,体格上,身体上,按自然规律
参考例句:
  1. He was out of sorts physically,as well as disordered mentally.他浑身不舒服,心绪也很乱。
  2. Every time I think about it I feel physically sick.一想起那件事我就感到极恶心。
5 component epSzv     
n.组成部分,成分,元件;adj.组成的,合成的
参考例句:
  1. Each component is carefully checked before assembly.每个零件在装配前都经过仔细检查。
  2. Blade and handle are the component parts of a knife.刀身和刀柄是一把刀的组成部分。
6 well-being Fe3zbn     
n.安康,安乐,幸福
参考例句:
  1. He always has the well-being of the masses at heart.他总是把群众的疾苦挂在心上。
  2. My concern for their well-being was misunderstood as interference.我关心他们的幸福,却被误解为多管闲事。
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