吃宵夜有害健康
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2017-07-05 08:33 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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As well as contributing to weight gain, a new study has suggested that snacking late at night could increase your risk of diabetes1 and heart disease.
 
一项新研究显示,吃宵夜不但会让体重增加,还会增加患糖尿病和心脏病的风险。
 
Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania found that eating late at night raises glucose2 and insulin levels, both of which are causes of type 2 diabetes.
 
They also found evidence that poor timing3 of meals can also affect cholesterol4 levels which can increase the risk of heart disease or suffering a heart attack.
 
Namni Goel, lead author of the study, said: "Eating later can promote a negative profile of weight, energy and hormone5 markers - such as higher glucose and insulin, which are implicated6 in diabetes, and cholesterol and triglycerides, which are linked with cardiovascular problems and other health conditions."
 
This isn't the first time a study has suggested that late night snacking could be detrimental7 to your health. Here we round up five reasons why you should avoid eating late at night ...
 
1. It can affect your memory: According to American researchers, snacking late at night could negatively affect your memory. The study, from the University of California, found that eating at irregular hours - such as late at night - had the potential to impact cognitive8 functions.
 
2. It makes you have weird9 dreams: In 2015, a pair of Canadian psychologists investigated whether people's eating habits can have a negative effect on sleep patterns and dreaming.
 
3. It increases the risk of a heart attack: Experts have found that eating dinner after 7pm could increase the risk of suffering a heart attack. Researchers from Dokuz Eylül University assessed more than 700 adults with high blood pressure in order to find out whether different eating times made a difference to their health.
 
4. It creates acid reflux: According to experts, eating late at night (especially heavy foods) and going to sleep shortly after is a key contributor to acid reflux.
 
5. It makes you hungrier the next day: Eating late at night can have you feeling hungrier than usual when you wake up the next morning thanks to the insulin your pancreas releases after a meal.


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1 diabetes uPnzu     
n.糖尿病
参考例句:
  1. In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar.对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。
  2. Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body.糖尿病是由体內胰岛素分泌失调引起的。
2 glucose Fyiyz     
n.葡萄糖
参考例句:
  1. I gave him an extra dose of glucose to pep him up.我给他多注射了一剂葡萄糖以增强他的活力。
  2. The doctor injected glucose into his patient's veins.医生将葡萄糖注入病人的静脉。
3 timing rgUzGC     
n.时间安排,时间选择
参考例句:
  1. The timing of the meeting is not convenient.会议的时间安排不合适。
  2. The timing of our statement is very opportune.我们发表声明选择的时机很恰当。
4 cholesterol qrzzV     
n.(U)胆固醇
参考例句:
  1. There is cholesterol in the cell of body.人体细胞里有胆固醇。
  2. They are determining the serum-protein and cholesterol levels.他们正在测定血清蛋白和胆固醇的浓度。
5 hormone uyky3     
n.荷尔蒙,激素,内分泌
参考例句:
  1. Hormone implants are used as growth boosters.激素植入物被用作生长辅助剂。
  2. This hormone interacts closely with other hormones in the body.这种荷尔蒙与体內其他荷尔蒙紧密地相互作用。
6 implicated 8443a53107b44913ed0a3f12cadfa423     
adj.密切关联的;牵涉其中的
参考例句:
  1. These groups are very strongly implicated in the violence. 这些组织与这起暴力事件有着极大的关联。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  2. Having the stolen goods in his possession implicated him in the robbery. 因藏有赃物使他涉有偷盗的嫌疑。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
7 detrimental 1l2zx     
adj.损害的,造成伤害的
参考例句:
  1. We know that heat treatment is detrimental to milk.我们知道加热对牛奶是不利的。
  2. He wouldn't accept that smoking was detrimental to health.他不相信吸烟有害健康。
8 cognitive Uqwz0     
adj.认知的,认识的,有感知的
参考例句:
  1. As children grow older,their cognitive processes become sharper.孩子们越长越大,他们的认知过程变得更为敏锐。
  2. The cognitive psychologist is like the tinker who wants to know how a clock works.认知心理学者倒很像一个需要通晓钟表如何运转的钟表修理匠。
9 weird bghw8     
adj.古怪的,离奇的;怪诞的,神秘而可怕的
参考例句:
  1. From his weird behaviour,he seems a bit of an oddity.从他不寻常的行为看来,他好像有点怪。
  2. His weird clothes really gas me.他的怪衣裳简直笑死人。
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